Ukuhlotshaniswa namandla angokomthetho alinganiselwe

Ukuhlotshaniswa namandla angokomthetho alinganiselwe

Ngokomthetho, inhlangano iyibhizinisi elisemthethweni elinamalungu. Inhlangano yakhelwa inhloso ethile, isibonelo, inhlangano yezemidlalo, futhi ingenza eyayo imithetho. Umthetho uhlukanisa phakathi kokuhlotshaniswa namandla angokomthetho aphelele kanye nokuhlotshaniswa kwamandla omthetho alinganiselwe. Le bhulogi ixoxa ngezici ezibalulekile zenhlangano enamandla angokomthetho alinganiselwe, eyaziwa nangokuthi inhlangano engakahleleki. Inhloso wukusiza abafundi ukuthi bahlole ukuthi leli fomu elisemthethweni elifanelekile yini.

Ukusungulwa

Awudingi ukuya ku-notary ukuze umise inhlangano enamandla ezomthetho elinganiselwe. Kodwa-ke, kudingeka kube nesenzo somthetho esinezinhlangothi eziningi, okusho ukuthi okungenani abantu ababili abasungula inhlangano. Njengabasunguli, ungabhala ama-athikili akho okuhlobana futhi uwasayine. Lezi zibizwa ngama-athikili angasese wokuhlanganisa. Ngokungafani nezinye izinhlobo zezomthetho ezimbalwa, unjalo akuphoqelekile ukubhalisa lezi zihloko zokuhlotshaniswa ne-Chamber of Commerce. Okokugcina, inhlangano ayinayo imali encane yokuqala, ngakho-ke akukho mali edingekayo ukuze kusungulwe inhlangano.

Kukhona izinto ezimbalwa okufanele okungenani uzifake kuma-athikili ayimfihlo wokuhlotshaniswa:

  1. Igama lenhlangano.
  2. Umasipala lapho usoseshini okhona.
  3. Inhloso yenhlangano.
  4. Izibopho zamalungu nokuthi lezi zibopho zingabekwa kanjani.
  5. Imithetho yobulungu; kanjani ukuba yilungu kanye nemibandela.
  6. Indlela yokubiza umhlangano omkhulu.
  7. Indlela yokuqokwa nokuxoshwa kwabaqondisi.
  8. Indawo yemali esele ngemva kokuchithwa kwenhlangano noma ukuthi leyo ndawo izonqunywa kanjani.

Imithetho yamanje kanye neziqondiso ziyasebenza uma udaba lungabekiwe ezihlokweni zenhlangano.

Isibopho sezomthetho kanye namandla okugunyaza anomkhawulo

Isikweletu sincike ekubhalisweni neChamber of Commerce; lokhu kubhaliswa akuphoqelekile kodwa kunciphisa isibopho sezomthetho. Uma inhlangano ibhalisiwe, ngokomgomo, inhlangano inesibopho, mhlawumbe abaqondisi. Uma inhlangano ingabhalisiwe, abaqondisi banesibopho esiqondile ngasese.

Ukwengeza, abaqondisi nabo banesibopho esiqondile ngasese uma kwenzeka ukuphathwa kabi. Lokhu kwenzeka lapho umqondisi ehluleka ukwenza umsebenzi wakhe ngendlela efanele.

Ezinye izibonelo zokungaphathi kahle:

  • Ukungaphathwa kahle kwezimali: ukwehluleka ukugcina amabhuku afanele wama-akhawunti, ukwehluleka ukulungisa izitatimende zezimali, noma ukusetshenziswa kabi kwezimali.
  • Ukungqubuzana kwezithakazelo: ukusebenzisa isikhundla somuntu ngaphakathi kwenhlangano ngezithakazelo zomuntu siqu, isibonelo, ngokunikeza izinkontileka emndenini noma kubangani.
  • Ukusetshenziswa kabi kwamandla: ukuthatha izinqumo ezingekho ngaphansi kwamandla omqondisi noma ukuthatha izinqumo ezingqubuzana nezinhloso zenhlangano.

Ngenxa yomthamo olinganiselwe wezomthetho, inhlangano inamalungelo ambalwa ngoba inhlangano ayigunyaziwe ukuthenga indawo noma ukuthola ifa.

Imisebenzi yenhlangano

Abaqondisi benhlangano kudingeka ngokomthetho ukuthi bagcine amarekhodi iminyaka eyisikhombisa. Ukwengeza, okungenani umhlangano owodwa wamalungu kufanele ubanjwe minyaka yonke. Ngokuqondene nebhodi, uma izimiso zikasoseshini zinganikezi ngenye indlela, ibhodi lenhlangano kufanele okungenani libe nosihlalo, unobhala, kanye nomgcinimafa.

Ama-Organs

Kunoma yikuphi, inhlangano iphoqelekile ukuba ibe nebhodi. Amalungu aqoka ibhodi ngaphandle uma izihloko zinikeza okuhlukile. Wonke amalungu ehlangene akha umgwamanda obaluleke kakhulu wenhlangano, umhlangano omkhulu wamalungu. Imibhalo kasoseshini nayo ingabeka ukuthi kuzoba nebhodi labaqondisi; umsebenzi omkhulu walesi sigungu wukwengamela inqubomgomo yebhodi kanye nenqubo yezindaba jikelele.

Izici zezezimali

Ukuthi inhlangano kufanele ikhokhiswe intela kuya ngokuthi yenziwa kanjani. Isibonelo, uma inhlangano ingusomabhizinisi nge-VAT, iqhuba ibhizinisi, noma iqashe abasebenzi, inhlangano ingase ibhekane nezintela.

Ezinye izici zenhlangano yezikweletu ezinomkhawulo

  • Isizindalwazi sobulungu, lokhu kuqukethe imininingwane yamalungu kasoseshini.
  • Inhloso, inhlangano ngokuyinhloko ihlela imisebenzi yamalungu ayo futhi, ngokwenza kanjalo, ayihlosile ukwenza inzuzo.
  • Inhlangano kumele isebenze njengenye ngaphansi kohlaka lomthetho. Lokhu kusho ukuthi amalungu ngamanye angeke enze ngenhloso efanayo nenhlangano. Isibonelo, ilungu ngalinye lingase lingaqokeleli imali yenhlangano esiza abantulayo ngokuzimisela kwalo uma ukuqongelela imali yale nhlangano futhi kuyinjongo evamile yenhlangano. Lokhu kungase kubangele ukudideka nezingxabano phakathi kwenhlangano.
  • Inhlangano ayinayo imali ehlukaniselwe amasheya; ngenxa yalokho, inhlangano nayo ayinabo abanikazi bamasheya.

Susa inhlangano

Inhlangano iyanqanyulwa ngesinqumo samalungu emhlanganweni ojwayelekile wamalungu. Lesi sinqumo kufanele sibe ku-ajenda yomhlangano. Uma kungenjalo, ayivumelekile.

Inhlangano ayinqamuki ngokushesha ukuba khona; ayiqedwa ngokuphelele kuze kube yilapho zonke izikweletu nezinye izibopho zezimali sezikhokhiwe. Uma noma yiziphi izimpahla zisala, inqubo ebekwe ezihlokweni eziyimfihlo zenhlangano kufanele ilandelwe.

Ubulungu bungaphela ngo:

  • Ukushona kwelungu, ngaphandle uma ifa lobulungu livunyelwe. Ngokwemibhalo yenhlangano.
  • Ukunqanyulwa yilungu elithintekayo noma inhlangano.
  • Ukuxoshwa ebulungwini; ibhodi lithatha lesi sinqumo ngaphandle uma izimiso zenhlangano ziqoka enye indikimba. Lesi yisenzo esingokomthetho lapho umuntu ebhalwa ephuma kurejista yobulungu.
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