Izimangalo ezihlanganisiwe uma kwenzeka kulimala kakhulu

Ukuqala i-1st kaJanuwari 2020, umthetho omusha kaNgqongqoshe uDekker uzoqala ukusebenza. Umthetho omusha usho ukuthi izakhamizi nezinkampani ezihlaselwa kakhulu, ziyakwazi ukumangalela ndawonye ukunxeshezelwa ngokulahlekelwa kwazo. Ukulimala okukhulu kungumonakalo weqembu elikhulu lezisulu. Izibonelo zalokhu ukulimala komzimba okudalwa yimithi eyingozi, ukulimala kwezezimali okubangelwa ukuphazamisa izimoto noma ukulimala kwempahla okudalwe ukuzamazama komhlaba ngenxa yokukhiqizwa kwegesi. Kusukela manje kuqhubeke, umonakalo omkhulu onjalo ungalungiswa ngokuhlanganyela.

Isikweletu esihlangene enkantolo

ENetherlands iminyaka eminingi kungenzeka ukuthi kusungulwe isikweletu esihlanganisiwe enkantolo (isenzo esihlanganisiwe). Ijaji lalinganquma kuphela izinto ezingekho emthethweni; ngomonakalo, zonke izisulu kusadingeka ziqale inqubo ethile. Eqinisweni, inqubo enjalo ivame ukuba yinkimbinkimbi, idle isikhathi futhi ibize. Ezimweni eziningi, izindleko nesikhathi esihilelekile kwinqubo eyodwa azinxephezeli ukulahlekelwa.

Izimangalo ezihlanganisiwe uma kwenzeka kulimala kakhulu

Kukhona namathuba okuba kube nokuhlalisana okuhlangene phakathi kweqembu elinentshisekelo neqembu elisolwa, kumenyezelwe yonke indawo enkantolo yabo bonke abahlukunyeziwe ngokuya ngoMthetho Wokuqoqwa Kwezimangalo Okuhlangene (WCAM). Ngokuhlala ndawonye ngokuhlanganyela, iqembu lezintshisekelo lingasiza iqembu labahlukumezekile, ngokwesibonelo ukufinyelela esivumelwaneni ukuze bakwazi ukunxeshezelwa ngokulahleka kwabo. Kodwa-ke, uma iqembu elidala umonakalo lingabambisani, izisulu zisazosala zilambatha. Izisulu kufanele ziye enkantolo ngazodwana ukuyofuna umonakalo ngokuya nge-Article 3: 305a ye-Dutch Civil Code.

Ngokufika kwe-Mass Claims Settlement in Collective Action Act (WAMCA) ngoJanuwari wokuqala we-2020, amathuba esenzo esihlanganisiwe sandisiwe. Ngokuvela komthetho omusha, ijaji lingasho ukuthi linecala lokulimaza ngokuhlangana. Lokhu kusho ukuthi lonke icala lingaxazululwa ngenqubo eyodwa ehlanganyelwe. Ngale ndlela amaqembu azothola ukucaciseleka. Inqubo ke yenziwe lula, yonga isikhathi nemali, futhi ivimbela ukubekwa kwamacala okungapheli. Ngale ndlela, isixazululo singatholakala eqenjini elikhulu lezisulu.

Izisulu namaqembu avame ukudideka futhi anolwazi olwanele. Lokhu kusho ukuthi izisulu azazi ukuthi yiziphi izinhlangano ezithembekile nokuthi zimelela yiphi intshisekelo. Ngokuya ngokuvikelwa ngokusemthethweni kwezisulu, ziqinisiwe izimo zokwenza ngokuhlanganyela. Akuwona wonke amaqembu enzalo angavele aqale ukufaka isimangalo. Inhlangano yangaphakathi nezimali zale nhlangano kufanele zihleleke. Izibonelo zamaqembu ezithakazelo yi-Consumers 'Association, inhlangano yabanini bamasheya nezinhlangano ezisungulwe ngokukhethekile ukuze kwenziwe isenzo esihlangene.

Ekugcineni, kuzoba nerejista ephakathi yezicelo ezihlanganisiwe. Ngale ndlela, izisulu kanye (nabamele) amaqembu entshisakalo anganquma ukuthi afuna ukuqala isenzo ngokuhlanganyela somcimbi ofanayo. UMkhandlu wezobuLungiswa uzophatha irejista ephakathi. Irejista izotholakala kuwo wonke umuntu.

Ukuxazululwa kwezimangalo ngobuningi kuyinkimbinkimbi ngokukhethekile kubo bonke abathintekayo, ngakho-ke kuyalulekwa ukuthi kube nokuxhaswa kwezomthetho. Ithimba le- Law & More inolwazi nobubanzi obubanzi ekusingatheni nasekubhekeni izingqinamba zezimangalo eziningi.

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