I-copyright: okuqukethwe komphakathi kunini?

Umthetho wobunikazi bempahla uhlala ukhula njalo futhi ukhule kakhulu muva nje. Lokhu kungabonakala, phakathi kokunye, emthethweni we-copyright. Kulezi zinsuku, cishe wonke umuntu uku-Facebook, Twitter noma ku-Instagram noma kunewebhusayithi yakhe. Ngakho-ke abantu bakha okuqukethwe okuningi kunalokho ababekuthanda, okuvame ukushicilelwa esidlangalaleni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukwephulwa kwe-copyright kwenzeka kaningi ukwedlula okwenzeka esikhathini esidlule, ngokwesibonelo ngoba izithombe zishicilelwa ngaphandle kwemvume evela kumnikazi noma ngoba i-inthanethi yenza kube lula ngabasebenzisi ukuthola ukufinyelela kokuqukethwe okungekho emthethweni.

Ukushicilelwa kokuqukethwe maqondana ne-copyright kudlale indima enkulu ekwahlulelweni kathathu kwakamuva okuvela kwiNkantolo Yezobulungisa ye-European Union. Kulezi zimo, kwaxoxwa ngomqondo wokuthi 'ukwenza okuqukethwe kutholakale esidlangalaleni'. Ngokucacile, bekuxoxwa ngokuthi ngabe lezi zenzo ezilandelayo zingena ngaphansi kokwenza 'ukutholakala emphakathini':

  • Ukushicilela i-hyperlink kuzithombe ezishicilelwe ngokungemthetho, ezivuzayo
  • Ukuthengisa abadlali bezindaba abanikezela ukufinyelela kokuqukethwe kwedijithali ngaphandle kwemvume yabanikazi bamalungelo maqondana nokuqukethwe
  • Ukwenza lula uhlelo oluvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bakwazi ukulandela futhi bavule imisebenzi evikelwe (The Pirate Bay)

'Ukwenza kutholakale emphakathini', ngokusho kweNkantolo, akumele kuthintwe ngobuchwepheshe, kepha kufanele. Ngokusho kwejaji laseYurophu, izinkomba zemisebenzi evikelwe amalungelo obunikazi agcinwe kwenye indawo ayalingana, ngokwesibonelo, ukuhlinzekwa kwe-DVD ekopishwe ngokungekho emthethweni.[1] Ezimweni ezinjalo, kungahle kube nokuphulwa kwe-copyright. Ngaphansi komthetho we-copyright, sibona intuthuko egxile kakhulu endleleni abathengi abathola ngayo okuqukethwe.

Funda kabanzi: http://assets.budh.nl/advocatenblad/pdf/ab_10_2017.pdf

[1] ISanoma / GeenStijl: ECLI: EU: C: 2016: 644; BREIN / Filmspeler: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 300; I-BREIN / Ziggo & XS4ALL: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 456.

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