I-copyright: okuqukethwe komphakathi kunini?

Umthetho wobunikazi bempahla uhlala ukhula njalo futhi ukhule kakhulu muva nje. Lokhu kungabonakala, phakathi kokunye, emthethweni we-copyright. Kulezi zinsuku, cishe wonke umuntu uku-Facebook, Twitter noma ku-Instagram noma kunewebhusayithi yakhe. Ngakho-ke abantu bakha okuqukethwe okuningi kunalokho ababekuthanda, okuvame ukushicilelwa esidlangalaleni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukwephulwa kwe-copyright kwenzeka kaningi ukwedlula okwenzeka esikhathini esidlule, ngokwesibonelo ngoba izithombe zishicilelwa ngaphandle kwemvume evela kumnikazi noma ngoba i-inthanethi yenza kube lula ngabasebenzisi ukuthola ukufinyelela kokuqukethwe okungekho emthethweni.

Ukushicilelwa kokuqukethwe maqondana ne-copyright kudlale indima enkulu ekwahlulelweni kathathu kwakamuva okuvela kwiNkantolo Yezobulungisa ye-European Union. Kulezi zimo, kwaxoxwa ngomqondo wokuthi 'ukwenza okuqukethwe kutholakale esidlangalaleni'. Ngokucacile, bekuxoxwa ngokuthi ngabe lezi zenzo ezilandelayo zingena ngaphansi kokwenza 'ukutholakala emphakathini':

  • Ukushicilela i-hyperlink kuzithombe ezishicilelwe ngokungemthetho, ezivuzayo
  • Ukuthengisa abadlali bezindaba abanikezela ukufinyelela kokuqukethwe kwedijithali ngaphandle kwemvume yabanikazi bamalungelo maqondana nokuqukethwe
  • Ukwenza lula uhlelo oluvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bakwazi ukulandela futhi bavule imisebenzi evikelwe (The Pirate Bay)

Ngaphakathi komthetho we-copyright

'Ukwenza kutholakale emphakathini', ngokusho kweNkantolo, akumele kuthintwe ngobuchwepheshe, kepha kufanele. Ngokusho kwejaji laseYurophu, izinkomba zemisebenzi evikelwe amalungelo obunikazi agcinwe kwenye indawo ayalingana, ngokwesibonelo, ukuhlinzekwa kwe-DVD ekopishwe ngokungekho emthethweni.[1] Ezimweni ezinjalo, kungahle kube nokuphulwa kwe-copyright. Ngaphansi komthetho we-copyright, sibona intuthuko egxile kakhulu endleleni abathengi abathola ngayo okuqukethwe.

Funda kabanzi: http://assets.budh.nl/advocatenblad/pdf/ab_10_2017.pdf

[1] Sanoma / GeenStijl: ECLI: EU: C: 2016: 644; IBREIN / AmafilimuIsipeler: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 300; IBREIN / Ziggo & XS4ALL: ECLI: EU: C: 2017: 456.

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