Ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo komqondisi

Abaqondisi benkampani kufanele ngaso sonke isikhathi baqondiswe intshisekelo yenkampani. Kuthiwani uma abaqondisi kufanele benze izinqumo ezibandakanya izintshisekelo zabo? Iyiphi intshisekelo ekhona futhi yini umqondisi okulindeleke ukuthi ayenze esimweni esinjalo?

Ukungqubuzana komqondisi kwezintshisekelo Image

Kunini ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo?

Lapho liphethe inkampani, ibhodi kwesinye isikhathi lingathatha isinqumo esibuye sinikeze inzuzo kumqondisi othize. Njengomqondisi, kufanele ubheke izintshisekelo zenkampani hhayi izintshisekelo zakho. Akunankinga ngokushesha uma isinqumo esithathwe yibhodi labaphathi siphumela ekubeni umqondisi azuze mathupha. Lokhu kwehlukile uma le ntshisekelo yomuntu siqu iphikisana nezintshisekelo zenkampani. Uma kunjalo, umqondisi kungenzeka angabambi iqhaza emihlanganweni nasekwenzeni izinqumo.

Odabeni lukaBruil iNkantolo Ephakeme yanquma ukuthi kunokungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo uma umqondisi engakwazi ukuvikela izintshisekelo zenkampani kanye nebhizinisi elisebenzisana nayo ngendlela yokuthi umphathi ophelele futhi ongachemi kulindeleke ukuthi enze kanjalo ngenxa ubukhona bentshisekelo yomuntu siqu noma enye inzalo engahambisani naleyo yebhizinisi elisemthethweni. [1] Ekunqumeni ukuthi ngabe kukhona ukushayisana kwezintshisekelo zonke izimo ezifanele zecala kufanele zibhekwe.

Kukhona ukungqubuzana kwekhwalithi yekhwalithi lapho umqondisi esebenza ngamakhono ahlukene. Lokhu kunjalo, ngokwesibonelo, lapho umqondisi wenkampani engumlingani wenkampani ngasikhathi sinye ngoba futhi engumqondisi wenye inhlangano esemthethweni. Umqondisi lapho-ke kufanele amele izintshisekelo eziningana (eziphikisanayo). Uma kunenzalo yekhwalithi efanelekile, intshisekelo ayimbozwa ukungqubuzana kwemithetho yenzalo. Lokhu kuyenzeka uma intshisekelo ingahambelani nezintshisekelo zomqondisi. Isibonelo salokhu kulapho izinkampani zamaqembu amabili zingena esivumelwaneni. Uma umqondisi engumqondisi wazo zombili izinkampani, kepha engeyena umninimasheya (n) (ongaqondile) noma engenayo enye intshisekelo yomuntu siqu, akukho kungqubuzana kwekhwalithi efanelekile.

Iyini imiphumela yokuba khona kokushayisana kwezintshisekelo?

Imiphumela yokuba nokungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo manje seyibekiwe kwiDutch Civil Code. Umqondisi angeke abambe iqhaza ezingxoxweni nasekuthathweni kwezinqumo uma enentshisekelo eqondile noma engaqondile engqubuzana nezintshisekelo zenkampani kanye nebhizinisi elihlangene nayo. Uma ngenxa yalokho kungekho sinqumo sebhodi esingathathwa, isinqumo siyofinyelelwa yibhodi labaphathi. Uma ibhodi labaphathi lingekho, isinqumo sizokwamukelwa umhlangano jikelele, ngaphandle uma izimiso zihlinzeka ngenye indlela. Lokhu kuhlinzekwa kufakiwe esigabeni 2: 129 isigaba 6 senkampani enomkhawulo yomphakathi (NV) no-2: 239 isigaba 6 seDutch Civil Code senkampani ezimele enomkhawulo (BV).

Ngeke kuphethwe ngalezi zihloko ukuthi ukuba khona nje kwalokhu kungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kubangelwa ngumqondisi. Futhi angeke asolwe ngokugcina ekuleso simo. Izindatshana zisho kuphela ukuthi umqondisi kufanele ayeke ukubamba iqhaza ezinhlelweni zokuthatha izinqumo nasekuthathweni kwezinqumo. Ngakho-ke akuyona ikhodi yokuziphatha eholela ekujezisweni noma ekuvinjelweni kokushayisana kwezintshisekelo, kepha yikhodi yokuziphatha kuphela echaza indlela umqondisi okufanele enze ngayo lapho kukhona ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo. Ukwenqatshelwa kokubamba iqhaza ezingxoxweni nasekuthathweni kwezinqumo kusho ukuthi umqondisi othintekayo angeke avote, kepha angaba isicelo solwazi ngaphambi komhlangano webhodi noma ukwethulwa kwento ese-ajenda yomhlangano webhodi. Ukwephulwa kwalezi zihloko kuzokwenza ukuthi isinqumo singabi nalutho futhi sisebenze ngokulandela i-athikili 2: 15 isigaba 1 sub a seDutch Civil Code. Lo mbhalo uthi izinqumo azisebenzi uma zingqubuzana nezinhlinzeko ezilawula ukwakheka kwezinqumo. Isinyathelo sokusulwa singasungulwa yinoma ngubani onentshisekelo efanele ekuthobeleni lokho okuhlinzekiwe.

Akuwona kuphela umsebenzi wokuziyeka osebenzayo. Umqondisi uzophinde ahlinzeke ngemininingwane maqondana nokushayisana kwezintshisakalo okungaba khona esinqumweni okufanele siyiswe ebhodini labaphathi ngesikhathi esifanele. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kulandela indatshana 2: 9 yeDutch Civil Code ukuthi ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo nakho kufanele kwaziswe emhlanganweni ojwayelekile wabaninimasheya. Kodwa-ke, umthetho awusho ngokusobala ukuthi isibopho sokubika sesifeziwe. Ngakho-ke kuyalulekwa ukufaka umbandela kulokhu kumthetho noma kwenye indawo. Inhloso yesishayamthetho ngale mithetho ukuvikela inkampani engcupheni yokuthi umqondisi athonywe yizintshisekelo zakhe. Izintshisakalo ezinjalo zandisa ubungozi bokuthi inkampani izohlupheka. Isigaba 2: 9 seDutch Civil Code - esilawula isikweletu sangaphakathi sabaqondisi - singaphansi komkhawulo ophakeme. Abaqondisi babophezeleka kuphela uma kwenzeka beziphethe kabi. Ukwehluleka ukuthobela ukungqubuzana ngokomthetho noma ngokomthetho kwemithetho yenzalo kuyisimo esibi kakhulu esiholela kwisibopho sabaqondisi. Umqondisi ophikisanayo angahlanjalazwa kanzima uqobo futhi ngenxa yalokho angabekwa icala yinkampani.

Kusukela ukushayisana okuchitshiyelwe kwemithetho yenzalo, imithetho ejwayelekile yokumelwa iyasebenza ezimweni ezinjalo. Izigaba 2: 130 no-2: 240 zeDutch Civil Code zibaluleke kakhulu kulokhu. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umqondisi okuthi ngokwesisekelo sokushayisana kwemithetho yenzalo angavunyelwe ukubamba iqhaza ezingxoxweni nasekuthathweni kwezinqumo, ugunyaziwe ukumela inkampani ezenzweni zomthetho ezisebenzisa isinqumo. Ngaphansi komthetho wakudala, ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo kwaholela ekuvinjelweni ngamandla okumelwa: lowo mqondisi wayengavunyelwe ukumela inkampani.

Isiphetho

Uma umqondisi enentshisekelo ephikisanayo, kufanele ayeke ukubhunga nokuthatha izinqumo. Lokhu kunjalo uma enentshisekelo yomuntu siqu noma intshisekelo engahambelani ngokufanayo nenzalo yenkampani. Uma umqondisi engathobeli isibopho sokungavumi, angakhuphula amathuba okuthi angabekwa icala lokuba ngumqondisi yinkampani. Ngaphezu kwalokho, isinqumo singasulwa yinoma ngubani onentshisekelo efanelekile yokwenza kanjalo. Yize kunokushayisana kwezintshisekelo, umqondisi usengayimela inkampani.

Ingabe ukuthola kunzima ukuthola ukuthi ngabe kukhona ukungqubuzana kwezintshisekelo? Noma ingabe ungabaza ukuthi kufanele udalule ukuthi kukhona intshisekelo futhi wazise ibhodi? Buza abameli beCorporate Law ku Law & More ukukwazisa. Ngokubambisana singahlola isimo namathuba. Ngesisekelo salokhu kuhlaziywa, singakweluleka ngezinyathelo ezilandelayo ezifanele. Sizokujabulela futhi ukukunikeza izeluleko nosizo nganoma yiluphi udaba.

[1] HR 29 juni 2007, NJ I-2007 / 420; Jor 2007/169 (uBruil).

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