I-Fingerprint yephula i-GDPR

Kulesi sikhathi sanamuhla esiphila kuso namuhla, kuya ngokuya kuvame kakhulu ukusebenzisa izigxivizo zeminwe njengezindlela zokuzazisa, ngokwesibonelo: ukuvula i-smartphone ngomunwe wokuthwebula. Kepha kuthiwani ngobumfihlo uma kungasenzeki endabeni yangasese lapho kunokuzithandela? Ngabe ukukhonjwa kweminwe okuhlobene nomsebenzi kungenziwa kuphoqelelwe esimweni sokuphepha? Inhlangano ingabeka yini isibopho kubasebenzi bayo ukuthi bayinikeze izigxivizo zeminwe yabo, isibonelo ukufinyelela ohlelweni lokuphepha? Futhi isibopho esinjalo sihlobana kanjani nemithetho yobumfihlo?

I-Fingerprint yephula i-GDPR

Iminwe njengemininingwane ekhethekile yomuntu

Umbuzo okufanele sizibuze wona lapha, ukuthi ingabe ukuskena ngomunwe kuyasebenza njengedatha yomuntu siqu ngaphakathi kwencazelo Yomthethonqubo Wokuvikelwa Okujwayelekile we-General. Umunwe uyidatha yomuntu uqobo ye-biometric engumphumela wokucutshungulwa okuthile kobuchwepheshe bezimpawu zomuntu, zomzimba noma zokuziphatha.[1] Idatha ye-biometric ingabhekwa njengolwazi oluphathelene nomuntu wemvelo, njengoba iyidatha ethi, ngokwemvelo yayo, inikeze imininingwane ngomuntu othize. Ngemininingwane ye-biometric enjengeminwe, umuntu uyabonakala futhi angahlukaniswa komunye umuntu. Ku-Article 4 GDPR lokhu kubuye kucaciswe ngokusobala ngezinhlinzeko zencazelo.[2]

Ukukhonjwa ngeminwe kungukwephula ubumfihlo?

Inkantolo Engaphansi kwe-Amsterdam isanda kukhipha isinqumo ekwamukelweni kweskena somunwe njengohlelo lokuhlonza olususelwa emazingeni okulawula ezokuphepha.

I-shoe shop chain Manfield yasebenzisa uhlelo lokugunyazwa kweminwe, olunikeza abasebenzi ukufinyelela kwirejista yemali.

Ngokusho kukaManfield, ukusetshenziswa komazisi kwakungukuphela kwendlela yokuthola ukufinyelela ohlelweni lokubhaliswa kwemali. Kwakudingeka, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ukuvikela imininingwane yezimali yabasebenzi nedatha yomuntu siqu. Ezinye izindlela bezingasafaneleki futhi zithinteke enkohlisweni. Omunye wabasebenzi bale nhlangano ukwenqabile ukusetshenziswa komunwe wakhe. Uthathe le ndlela yokugunyazwa njengokwephula ubumfihlo bakhe, ebhekisa kumbhalo 9 we-GDPR. Ngokwalo mbhalo, ukucubungulwa kwemininingwane ye-biometric ngenhloso yokuhlonza umuntu okuhlukile kuyenqatshelwe.

Kubalulekile

Lokhu kwenqatshwa akusebenzi lapho ukucubungula kudingekile ukuze kufakazelwe ubuqiniso noma izinjongo zokuphepha. Inhloso yebhizinisi laseManfield bekuwukunqanda ukulahleka kwemali engenayo ngenxa yabasebenzi abakhohlisayo. Inkantolo Engaphansi Kwenkantolo yenqabe isicelo somqashi. Izintshisekelo zebhizinisi laseManfield azenzanga ukuthi uhlelo lube 'oludingekayo ukuze kufakazelwe ubuqiniso noma izinjongo zokuphepha', njengoba kubalulwe eSigabeni 29 soMthetho wokuSebenza we-GDPR. Kuliqiniso, iManfield ikhululekile ukwenza okuphambene nokukhwabanisa, kepha lokhu kungenzeka kungenzeki ngokwephula ukuhlinzekwa kwe-GDPR. Ngaphezu kwalokho, umqashi akazange ahlinzeke inkampani yakhe nganoma iyiphi enye indlela yezokuphepha. Ucwaningo olunganele lwenziwe kwezinye izindlela zokugunyazwa; cabanga ngokusetshenziswa kwephasikhodi yokufinyelela noma ikhodi yezinombolo, noma ngabe ayihlanganisi yomibili. Umqashi ubengalinganisanga ngokucophelela usizo nobubi bezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zezinhlelo zokuphepha futhi akakwazanga ukugqugquzela ngokwanele ukuthi kungani ekhetha uhlelo oluthile lokuthwebula iminwe. Kakhulu ngenxa yalesi sizathu, umqashi wayengenalo ilungelo elingokomthetho lokufuna ukusetshenziswa kohlelo lokugunyazwa kokuthwetshulwa kweminwe kubasebenzi bakhe ngesisekelo soMthetho wokuqalisa ukusebenza kwe-GDPR.

Uma ufisa ukwethula uhlelo olusha lokuphepha, kuzodingeka ukuthi luhlolwe ukuthi lezo zinhlelo zivunyelwe ngaphansi kwe-GDPR noMthetho Wokuqalisa. Uma kukhona imibuzo, sicela uthintane nabameli ku Law & More. Sizophendula imibuzo yakho futhi sikunikeze ngosizo lwezomthetho nolwazi.

[1] https://autoriteitpersoonsgegevens.nl/nl/onderwerpen/identificatie/biometrie

[2] ECLI: NL: RBAMS: 2019: 6005

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