I-Fingerprint yephula i-GDPR

Kulesi sikhathi sanamuhla esiphila kuso namuhla, kuya ngokuya kuvame kakhulu ukusebenzisa izigxivizo zeminwe njengezindlela zokuzazisa, ngokwesibonelo: ukuvula i-smartphone ngomunwe wokuthwebula. Kepha kuthiwani ngobumfihlo uma kungasenzeki endabeni yangasese lapho kunokuzithandela? Ngabe ukukhonjwa kweminwe okuhlobene nomsebenzi kungenziwa kuphoqelelwe esimweni sokuphepha? Inhlangano ingabeka yini isibopho kubasebenzi bayo ukuthi bayinikeze izigxivizo zeminwe yabo, isibonelo ukufinyelela ohlelweni lokuphepha? Futhi isibopho esinjalo sihlobana kanjani nemithetho yobumfihlo?

I-Fingerprint yephula i-GDPR

Iminwe njengemininingwane ekhethekile yomuntu

Umbuzo okufanele sizibuze wona lapha, ukuthi ngabe ukuskena ngomunwe kusebenza njengedatha yomuntu siqu ngaphakathi kwencazelo yoMthethonqubo Wokuvikelwa Kwemininingwane Jikelele. Izigxivizo zeminwe idatha yomuntu siqu engumphumela wokucubungula okuthile kwezobuchwepheshe kwezici zomuntu zomzimba, zomzimba noma zokuziphatha. [1] Idatha ye-Biometric ingathathwa njengolwazi oluphathelene nomuntu wemvelo, njengoba kuyimininingwane, ngokwemvelo yayo, enikeza imininingwane ngomuntu othile. Ngokusebenzisa idatha yebhayomethrikhi efana nezigxivizo zeminwe, umuntu uyakhonjwa futhi angahlukaniswa nomunye umuntu. Ku-Article 4 GDPR nalokhu kuqinisekiswa ngokusobala yimibandela yencazelo. [2]

Ukukhonjwa ngeminwe kungukwephula ubumfihlo?

Inkantolo Engaphansi kwe-Amsterdam isanda kukhipha isinqumo ekwamukelweni kweskena somunwe njengohlelo lokuhlonza olususelwa emazingeni okulawula ezokuphepha.

I-shoe shop chain Manfield yasebenzisa uhlelo lokugunyazwa kweminwe, olunikeza abasebenzi ukufinyelela kwirejista yemali.

Ngokusho kukaManfield, ukusetshenziswa kokuhlonza iminwe bekuyiyona ndlela kuphela yokuthola uhlelo lokubhalisa imali. Kwakudingeka, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ukuvikela imininingwane yezezimali yabasebenzi nedatha yomuntu siqu. Ezinye izindlela zazingasafaneleki futhi zisengozini yokukhwabanisa. Omunye wabasebenzi benhlangano wakuphikisa ukusetshenziswa kweminwe yakhe. Uthathe le ndlela yokugunyaza njengokwephula ubumfihlo bakhe, ebhekisa kundatshana 9 ye-GDPR. Ngokusho kwalesi sihloko, ukucutshungulwa kwedatha ye-biometric ngenhloso yokuhlonza okuhlukile komuntu akuvunyelwe.

Kubalulekile

Lokhu kunqatshelwa akusebenzi lapho ukucubungula kudingekile ngezinhloso zokuqinisekisa noma zokuphepha. Inzalo yebhizinisi likaManfield bekuwukuvimbela ukulahleka kwemali engenayo ngenxa yabasebenzi abakhohlisayo. INkantolo Yesifunda Esincane isichithile isicelo somqashi. Izintshisekelo zebhizinisi likaManfield aluzange lwenze ukuthi uhlelo 'lube nesidingo sokuqinisekisa noma sokuphepha', njengoba kushiwo eSigabeni 29 soMthetho Wokusetshenziswa kwe-GDPR. Vele, iManfield inenkululeko yokulwa nokukhwabanisa, kepha lokhu kungenzeka kungenzeki ngokwephula izinhlinzeko ze-GDPR. Ngaphezu kwalokho, umqashi wayenganikezanga inkampani yakhe nganoma iyiphi enye indlela yokuphepha. Ucwaningo olwanele lwenziwe kwezinye izindlela zokugunyazwa; cabanga ngokusetshenziswa kwephasi yokufinyelela noma ikhodi yezinombolo, noma ngabe inhlanganisela yakho kokubili noma cha. Umqashi wayengazange alinganise ngokucophelela ubuhle nobubi bezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zezinhlelo zokuphepha futhi akakwazanga ukushukumisa ngokwanele ukuthi kungani akhetha uhlelo oluthile lokuskena iminwe. Ngokuyinhloko ngenxa yalesi sizathu, umqashi wayengenalo ilungelo elisemthethweni lokufuna ukuthi kusetshenziswe uhlelo lokugunyaza ukuthwebula iminwe kubasebenzi bakhe ngesisekelo soMthetho Wokuqalisa we-GDPR.

Uma ufisa ukwethula uhlelo olusha lokuphepha, kuzodingeka ukuthi luhlolwe ukuthi lezo zinhlelo zivunyelwe ngaphansi kwe-GDPR noMthetho Wokuqalisa. Uma kukhona imibuzo, sicela uthintane nabameli ku Law & More. Sizophendula imibuzo yakho futhi sikunikeze ngosizo lwezomthetho nolwazi.

[1] https://autoriteitpersoonsgegess.nl/nl/onderwerpen/identificatie/biometrie

[2] ECLI: NL: RBAMS: 2019: 6005

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