Inkontileka yesikhathi esinqunyelwe

Inkontileka yesikhathi esinqunyelwe

Nakuba izivumelwano zokuqashwa zesikhathi esinqunyiwe zazivame ukuhluka, zibonakala ziwumthetho. Inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe ibizwa nangokuthi inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhashana. Inkontileka yokuqashwa enjalo iphothulwa isikhathi esilinganiselwe. Ivamise ukuphethwa izinyanga eziyisithupha noma unyaka. Ngaphezu kwalokho, le nkontileka nayo ingaqedwa ngesikhathi somsebenzi. Yini okufanele uyinake lapho unikeza inkontileka yomsebenzi? Ufakani kuyo? Futhi iphetha kanjani inkontileka yomsebenzi?

Kwenzenjani?

Inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe kungenwa kuyo isikhathi esithile. Lokhu kungaba izinyanga ezimbalwa kodwa futhi iminyaka eminingana. Ngemva kwalokho, inkontileka yomsebenzi yesikhathi esinqunyiwe iyaphela. Ngakho-ke, iphetha ngokuzenzakalelayo, futhi asikho esinye isinyathelo okufanele sithathwe umqashi noma umsebenzi. Nokho, umqashi angase abe nesibopho sokukhokha inhlawulo uma engahambisani nesikhathi sesaziso lapho inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe iphelelwa yisikhathi. Umphumela wokuphelelwa yisikhathi 'okuzenzakalelayo' ukuthi abasebenzi banesiqiniseko esincane ngenkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe ngoba umqashi akasadingi ukunikeza isaziso (ngemvume yokuxoshwa evela kwa-UWV) noma ahlakaze (ngenkantolo yesifunda) ukuze axoshwe. yesisebenzi. Ukunqanyulwa noma ukuchithwa kwenkontileka yokuqashwa kufanele kwenzeke uma kunenkontileka yokuqashwa isikhathi esingaziwa. Kunemibandela embalwa enamathiselwe kulezi zindlela zokuqeda.

Ikakhulukazi ezikhathini ezimbi zezomnotho, inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe isiphenduke into ethokozisayo kubaqashi.

Nikeza inkontileka yesikhathi esinqunyiwe.

Kunamaphuzu ambalwa abalulekile okufanele uwacabangele ngaphambi kokunikeza inkontileka:

Ukuhlelwa kochungechunge: inombolo yezinkontileka zesikhathi esinqunyiwe

Kufanele ucabangele lokho okubizwa nge-chain rule ngenkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe. Lokhu kunquma ukuthi inkontileka yokuqashwa kwetoho iphenduka nini inkontileka yomsebenzi unomphela. Ngokwalo mthethonqubo, ungaphetha izivumelwano zomsebenzi wetoho ezifika ezintathu ezilandelanayo ezinyangeni ezingama-36. Ezinye izinhlelo zingasebenza esivumelwaneni esihlangene

Ingabe uphetha izinkontileka zomsebenzi wetoho ezingaphezu kwezintathu zilandelana? Noma ingabe izinkontileka zomsebenzi zidlula izinyanga ezingama-36, okuhlanganisa nezikhawu ezifika ezinyangeni eziyisi-6? Futhi ingabe akukho ukuhlinzekwa esivumelwaneni esihlangene okwandisa inani lezinkontileka noma lesi sikhathi? Bese kuthi inkontileka yokugcina yomsebenzi yesikhashana iphenduke inkontileka yomsebenzi unomphela.

Izinkontileka zokuqashwa zilandelana uma isisebenzi siphume izinyanga eziyisithupha noma ngaphansi phakathi kwazo. Ingabe ufuna ukunqamula uchungechunge lwezinkontileka zokuqashwa? Khona-ke kufanele uqinisekise ngaphezu kwezinyanga eziyisithupha.

Cao

I-collective bargaining agreement (CAO) ngezinye izikhathi iqukethe izinhlinzeko zokunikeza inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe. Isibonelo, isivumelwano seqoqo singabandakanya okuhlukile kumthetho wochungechunge lwezinkontileka. Cabanga ngamalungiselelo avumela izinkontileka zomsebenzi zesikhashana ezengeziwe isikhathi eside. Ingabe inkampani yakho noma imboni yakho inesivumelwano somsebenzi esihlangene? Bese uhlola ukuthi yini elawulwayo kule ndawo.

Ukuphathwa ngokulinganayo

Abasebenzi kufanele bakwazi ukubala ekuphathweni ngokulinganayo. Lokhu kusebenza futhi lapho unikeza inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe. Isibonelo, akuvunyelwe ukuthi ungavuseleli inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhashana yesisebenzi esikhulelwe noma isisebenzi esigula ngokungalapheki ngezizathu zokukhulelwa noma ukugula okungapheli.

Abaqashi abalandelanayo

Ingabe bakhona abaqashi abalandelanayo? Khona-ke uchungechunge lwezinkontileka zokuqashwa luyaqhubeka (futhi lungase lubalwe). Abaqashi abalandelayo bangase babe njalo ekuthathweni kwenkampani. Noma uma isisebenzi siqashwe yi-ejensi eqashayo futhi kamuva ngumqashi ngokuqondile. Umsebenzi ube esethola umqashi ohlukile kodwa aqhubeke nokwenza umsebenzi ofanayo noma ofanayo.

Okuqukethwe kwenkontileka

Okuqukethwe yinkontileka yokuqashwa kuhambisana kakhulu nalokho kwenkontileka yokuqashwa evulekile. Nokho, kukhona izici ezithile:

Ubude besikhathi

Inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe kufanele isho ubude besikhathi senkontileka yokuqashwa. Igama ngokuvamile liboniswa ngedethi yokuqala kanye nedethi yokugcina.

Kungenzeka futhi ukuthi inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhashana ayinalo usuku lokuphela, isibonelo, esimweni senkontileka yokuqashwa ngesikhathi sephrojekthi. Noma ukuvala isikhala somsebenzi ogula isikhathi eside aze aphinde aqale ukusebenza ngokuzimela. Kulezo zimo, kufanele ukwazi ukunquma isiphetho sephrojekthi noma ukubuya kwesisebenzi esigula isikhathi eside ngokufanelekile. Ukuphela kwenkontileka yokuqashwa kuncike kulokho kuzimisela okuhlosiwe hhayi entandweni yesisebenzi noma yomqashi.

Isigatshana sesaziso sesikhashana

Ukufaka isigatshana sokunqanyulwa kwesikhashana esivumelwaneni sokuqashwa sesikhathi esinqunyiwe kuwukuhlakanipha. Lesi sigaba somthetho sinikeza ithuba lokunqanyulwa kwenkontileka yokuqashwa kusenesikhathi. Ungakhohlwa ukusho isikhathi sesaziso. Khumbula ukuthi akuyena umqashi kuphela onganqamula inkontileka yokuqashwa kusenesikhathi, kodwa nesisebenzi.

Ukuhlola

Isikhathi sokuhlolwa kwesinye isikhathi sivunyelwe kuphela kwinkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe. Ungavuma kuphela isikhathi sokuvivinywa ezinkontilekeni zomsebenzi wesikhashana ngalesi sikhathi senkontileka esilandelayo:

  • Izinyanga ezingaphezu kweziyisithupha kodwa ngaphansi kweminyaka emibili: isikhathi esiphezulu senyanga eyodwa yokuhlolwa;
  • Iminyaka engu-2 noma ngaphezulu: isikhathi esiphezulu sezinyanga ezimbili zokuhlolwa;
  • Ngaphandle kwedethi yokuphela: isikhathi sokuhlolwa esiphezulu senyanga eyodwa.

Isigatshana sokuncintisana

Kusukela mhla lu-1 kuMasingana wezi-2015, bekunqatshelwe ukufaka isigatshana sokungaqhudelani esivumelwaneni sokuqashwa sesikhathi esinqunyiwe. Okuhlukile kulo mthetho oyinhloko ukuthi isigatshana esingaqhubiswanga singafakwa esivumelwaneni sokuqashwa sesikhathi esinqunyiwe uma isigatshana esingahlangani siphelezelwa isitatimende sezizathu esibonisa ukuthi isigatshana siyadingeka ngenxa yenzuzo enkulu yebhizinisi noma yesevisi ingxenye yomqashi. Ngakho-ke, isigatshana esingesona sokuncintisana singafakwa kuphela kwinkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe ezimeni ezihlukile.

Inkontileka esheshayo iphenduka nini ibe yinkontileka yaphakade?

Inkontileka yaphakade ngemuva kwezinkontileka zesikhashana ezintathu zilandelana

Umsebenzi unikezwa ngokuzenzakalelayo inkontileka engapheli uma:

  • Ube nezinkontileka zesikhashana ezingaphezu kwezintathu nomqashi oyedwa, noma;
  • Ube nezinkontileka zesikhashana ezingaphezu kwezintathu nabaqashi abalandelanayo zokwenza uhlobo olufanayo lomsebenzi. (Isibonelo, uma isisebenzi siqale sisebenza ngesikhungo esiqashayo bese sijoyina umqashi ngokuqondile), futhi;
  • Ikhefu (ikhefu) phakathi kwezinkontileka liyizinyanga eziyisi-6. Ngomsebenzi wesikhashana ophindaphindayo (ongagcini nje ngomsebenzi wesizini) ongenziwa izinyanga ezifika kweziyisi-9 ngonyaka, kungase kube nenani eliphakeme lezinyanga ezi-3 phakathi kwezinkontileka. Nokho, lokhu kufanele kufakwe esivumelwaneni esihlangene, futhi;
  • Inkontileka yesi-3 yesisebenzi iphela ngomhlaka-1 Januwari 2020 noma ngemva kwalokho, futhi;
  • Azikho ezinye izimo esivumelwaneni esihlangene, njengoba izivumelwano ezisesivumelwaneni esihlangene ziza kuqala.

Inkontileka yaphakade ngemuva kweminyaka emithathu yezinkontileka zesikhashana

Isisebenzi sithola inkontileka yaphakade ngokuzenzakalelayo uma:

  • Usethole izinkontileka zesikhashana eziningi nomqashi oyedwa iminyaka engaphezu kwemithathu. Noma ngohlobo olufanayo lomsebenzi nabaqashi abalandelanayo;
  • Kukhona umkhawulo wezinyanga eziyisi-6 phakathi kwezinkontileka (ikhefu). Ngomsebenzi wesikhashana ophindaphindayo (ongagcini nje ngomsebenzi wesizini) ongenziwa izinyanga ezifika kweziyisi-9 ngonyaka, kungase kube nenani eliphakeme lezinyanga ezi-3 phakathi kwezinkontileka. Nokho, lokhu kufanele kufakwe esivumelwaneni esihlangene;
  • Ayikho eminye imigomo nemibandela esivumelwaneni esihlangene.

Ukuxolela

Umthetho weketango usebenza kwabanye kuphela. Awunalungelo lokwandiswa okuzenzakalelayo kwinkontileka engunaphakade kulezi zimo ezilandelayo:

  • Ngenkontileka yokuqeqeshelwa umsebenzi wesifundo se-BBL (ukuqeqeshwa kwemisebenzi yezandla);
  • Ubudala obungaphansi kweminyaka engu-18 namahora okusebenza afika kwangu-12 ngesonto;
  • Isisebenzi setoho esinesigatshana se-ejensi;
  • Ungumfundi oqeqeshwayo;
  • Unguthisha obambele esikoleni samabanga aphansi uma kukhona uthisha noma ukugula kwabasebenzi abasekela uthisha;
  • Uneminyaka engu-AOW. Umqashi anganikeza umsebenzi izinkontileka zesikhashana eziyisithupha eminyakeni emi-4 kusukela eminyakeni yempesheni kahulumeni.

Ukuphela kwenkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe

Inkontileka yokuqashwa yesikhathi esinqunyiwe iphela ekupheleni kwesikhathi okuvunyelwene ngaso noma ngemva kokuphothulwa kwephrojekthi. Ingabe inkontileka yomsebenzi wesikhashana yezinyanga eziyisi-6 noma ngaphezulu? Uma kunjalo, kufanele unikeze isaziso, okungukuthi, makwaziwe ngokubhala ukuthi uyafisa yini ukuqhubeka nenkontileka yokuqashwa futhi, uma kunjalo, ngaphansi kwaziphi izimo. Isibonelo, uma ungayeluleki inkontileka yomsebenzi wesikhashana. Kungaba ngcono uma unikeze isaziso kungakapheli inyanga eyodwa ngaphambi kokuphela kwenkontileka yokuqashwa. Uma wehluleka ukwenza lokho, ukweleta isinxephezelo somholo wenyanga eyodwa. Noma, uma unikeza isaziso sekwephuzile kakhulu, inani le-pro-rata. Kukumqashi ukuthi aveze ubufakazi bokuthi unikeze isaziso esibhalwe ngesikhathi. Ngakho-ke, sincoma ukuthi uthumele isaziso ngemeyili ebhalisiwe futhi ugcine ithrekhi bese ulandelela irisidi. Njengamanje, i-imeyili enesiqinisekiso sokwamukela nokufunda isetshenziswa kaningi.

Isiphetho

Kuwukuhlakanipha kubo bobabili umqashi nomsebenzi ukuba babe nezinkontileka ezidingekayo (njengezinkontileka zesikhathi esinqunyiwe nezivulelekile) ezibhalwe ummeli. Ikakhulukazi kumqashi, ukubhala okukodwa kungakha imodeli angayisebenzisa kuzo zonke izinkontileka zokuqashwa zesikhathi esizayo. Phela, uma izinkinga ziphakama okwesikhashana (isb., ukuxoshwa noma izindaba eziphathelene nochungechunge lokuboshwa), kuyalulekwa ukuthi kuxoxwe nommeli. Ummeli onekhono angavimbela izinkinga eziningi futhi axazulule izinkinga esezivele zikhona.

Ingabe unemibuzo mayelana nezinkontileka zesikhashana noma ufuna kwakhiwe inkontileka? Uma kunjalo, sicela uxhumane nathi. Abameli bethu bangochwepheshe umthetho wokuqashwa futhi uzokujabulela ukukusiza!

 

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