Ukugcinwa okuvimbela: kuvunyelwe nini?

Ngabe amaphoyisa akugcine izinsuku eziningi futhi manje uyazibuza ukuthi ngabe lokhu kwenziwa ngokuqinile yincwadi? Isibonelo, ngoba ungabaza ubuqiniso bezizathu zabo zokwenza kanjalo noma ngoba ukholwa ukuthi ubude bebude kakhulu. Kujwayelekile ukuthi wena, noma abangane bakho nomndeni wakho, nibe nemibuzo ngalokhu. Ngezansi siyakutshela ukuthi iziphathimandla zokwahlulela zinganquma nini ukuvalela umsolwa, kusukela ekuboshweni kuya ejele, nokuthi yimiphi imingcele yesikhathi esebenza.

Ukugcinwa okuvimbela: kuvunyelwe nini?

Ukuboshwa nokuphenywa ngemibuzo

Uma uboshiwe, kungenxa yokuthi kukhona / kwakusolwa icala lobugebengu. Uma kwenzeka kukhona izinsolo ezinjalo, umsolwa uyiswa esiteshini samaphoyisa ngokushesha okukhulu. Uma esefike lapho, uboshelwa ukubuzwa imibuzo. Isikhathi esiphezulu samahora angu-9 sivunyelwe. Lesi yisinqumo esingenziwa yisikhulu (esisizayo) uqobo futhi asidingi mvume yejaji.

Ngaphambi kokucabanga ukuthi kukhona ukuboshwa isikhathi eside kunokuvunyelwe: isikhathi esiphakathi kuka-12.00: 09 no-00: XNUMX ekuseni asibalwa maqondana namahora ayisishiyagalolunye. Uma, ngokwesibonelo, umsolwa eboshelwa ukubuzwa imibuzo ngo-11: 00 kusihlwa, kuzodlula ihora elilodwa phakathi kuka-11.00: 12 no-00: 09 ekuseni futhi isikhathi ngeke siphinde siqale kuze kube ngu-00: 5 ekuseni ngakusasa. Isikhathi samahora ayisishiyagalolunye bese siphela ngosuku olulandelayo ngo-00: XNUMX ntambama

Ngesikhathi sokuboshwa ukuze aphenywe ngemibuzo, isikhulu kufanele senze isinqumo: singathatha isinqumo sokuthi umsolwa angaya ekhaya, kodwa kokunye angathatha isinqumo sokuthi umsolwa agcinwe esitokisini.

Imikhawulo

Uma wawungavunyelwe ukuxhumana nanoma ngubani omunye ngaphandle kommeli wakho ngenkathi uboshiwe, lokhu kuhlobene namandla omshushisi womphakathi wokubeka izinyathelo ezinqandayo. Umshushisi womphakathi angenza njalo kusuka ngesikhathi umsolwa eboshwa uma lokhu kusizakala ngophenyo. Ummeli kamsolwa naye uboshwe yilokhu. Lokhu kusho ukuthi lapho ummeli ebizwa yizihlobo zikamsolwa, isibonelo, akavumelekile ukwenza noma yiziphi izimemezelo kuze kube yilapho sekususwe imikhawulo. Ummeli angazama ukufeza lokhu kokugcina ngokufaka isaziso sokuphikisana nemikhawulo. Imvamisa, le mpikiswano isingathwa kungakapheli isonto.

Ukuboshwa okwesikhashana

Ukugcinwa kokugcina kuyisigaba sokugcinwa kokugcina kusukela ngesikhathi sokufakwa esitokisini kuze kufike lapho kugcinwa khona imantshi ehlolayo. Kusho ukuthi umsolwa uboshiwe kusalindwe ukuqulwa kwamacala. Ngabe ugcinwe esitokisini? Lokhu akuvunyelwe kuwo wonke umuntu! Lokhu kuvunyelwe kuphela ezimweni zamacala abhalwe ngqo emthethweni, uma kukhona ukusola okukhulu kokubandakanyeka ecaleni lobugebengu futhi kunezizathu ezizwakalayo zokugcina umuntu agcinwe esitokisini isikhathi eside. Ukugcinwa kokuvikela kulawulwa ngumthetho ku-Articles 63 et seq. Ukuthi kufanele kube nobufakazi obungakanani ngalokhu kusola okungathí sina akuchazwa ngokwengeziwe emthethweni noma uma kwenzeka kwenzeka umthetho. Ubufakazi bezomthetho nobukholisayo abudingeki kunoma yikuphi. Kumele kube nezinga eliphezulu lokuthi umsolwa uyathinteka ecaleni.

Isibindi

Ukuvinjelwa kokugcina kuqala ukugcinwa esitokisini. Lokhu kusho ukuthi umsolwa angaboshwa isikhathi esiyizinsuku ezintathu. Yisikhathi esinqunyelwe, ngakho-ke akusho ukuthi umsolwa uzohlala engekho ekhaya izinsuku ezintathu ngemuva kokugcinwa esitokisini. Isinqumo sokugcina umsolwa esitokisini naso senziwe ngumshushisi womphakathi (iphini) futhi asidingi mvume yejaji.

Umsolwa kungenzeka angagcinwa esitokisini ngazo zonke izinsolo. Kunamathuba amathathu emthethweni:

  1. Ukuvikelwa kungenzeka uma kwenzeka kusolwa icala lobugebengu elijeziswa ngesigwebo esiphezulu seminyaka emine noma ngaphezulu.
  2. Ukuvalelwa esitokisini kungenzeka ecaleni lamacala obugebengu asohlwini oluthile njengokusongela (285, isigaba 1 seCriminal Code), ukukhwabanisa (321 weCriminal Code), ukuxoxisana ngamacala (417bis of the Criminal Code), ukufa noma ukulimala emzimbeni uma ushayela uphuzile (175, isigaba 2 seCriminal Code), njll.
  3. Ukuboshwa okwesikhashana kungenzeka uma umsolwa engenazo izindawo ezihleliwe zokuhlala eNetherlands futhi kungenzeka anikezwe isigwebo sasejele ngecala okusolwa ukuthi ulenza.

Kufanele futhi kube nezizathu zokubopha umuntu isikhathi eside. Ukuboshwa okwesikhashana kungasetshenziswa kuphela uma kunesizathu esisodwa noma eziningi ezishiwo kusigaba 67a seNqubo Yenqubo Yobugebengu yaseDashi, njengale:

  • ingozi enkulu yokubaleka,
  • icala elijeziswa kuze kube yiminyaka eyi-12 ebhadla ejele,
  • ubungozi bokuphinda ukhokhe icala elenziwa isigwebo sejele esingeqile eminyakeni eyisithupha, noma
  • ukulahlwa yicala kwangaphambilini eminyakeni engaphansi kwemihlanu eyedlule ngamacala abhalwe ngqo njengokushaya, ukukhwabanisa, njll.

Uma kunethuba lokuthi ukukhululwa komsolwa kungakhungathekisa noma kuphazamise uphenyo lwamaphoyisa, kuzokhethwa kakhulu ukuthi umsolwa agcinwe esitokisini sokuvikela.

Lapho izinsuku ezintathu sezidlulile, iphoyisa linokukhetha okuningi. Okokuqala, angathumela umsolwa ekhaya. Uma uphenyo lungakaqedwa, isikhulu singanquma kanye ukunweba isikhathi sokuboshwa ngokuphindwe kathathu amahora angama-24. Ngokwenzayo, lesi sinqumo asikaze sithathwe. Uma iphoyisa licabanga ukuthi uphenyo lucace ngokwanele, lungacela imantshi ehlolayo ukuthi ifake umsolwa esitokisini.

Ukuzibamba

Iphoyisa liqinisekisa ukuthi ikhophi laleli fayela lifinyelela kwimantshi ehlola kanye nommeli, bese licela imantshi ehlolayo ukuthi ifake umsolwa esitokisini izinsuku eziyishumi nane. Umsolwa ulethwa esiteshini samaphoyisa enkantolo futhi ulalelwa yijaji. Ummeli naye ukhona futhi angakhulumela umsolwa. Ukulalelwa akukhona emphakathini.

Imantshi ehlolayo ingenza izinqumo ezintathu:

  1. Angathatha isinqumo sokuthi isicelo sephoyisa sinikezwe. Umsolwa ube eseyiswa esikhungweni sokuboshwa isikhathi sika izinsuku eziyishumi nane;
  2. Angathatha isinqumo sokuthi kuchithwe isicelo sephoyisa. Umsolwa uvame ukuvunyelwa ukuthi aye ekhaya ngokushesha.
  3. Anganquma ukuvumela isimangalo somshushisi womphakathi kepha amise umsolwa esitokisini sokuvikela. Lokhu kusho ukuthi imantshi ehlolayo yenza izivumelwano nomsolwa. Inqobo nje uma egcina izivumelwano ezenziwe, akudingeki ukuthi asebenze izinsuku eziyishumi nane ijaji elizibekile.

Ukuboshwa isikhathi eside

Ingxenye yokugcina yesibopho sokuvikela ukuvalelwa isikhathi eside. Uma umshushisi womphakathi ekholelwa ukuthi umsolwa kufanele agcinwe esitokisini ngisho nangemva kwezinsuku eziyishumi nane, angacela inkantolo ukuthi imvalele. Lokhu kungenzeka ubuningi bezinsuku ezingamashumi ayisishiyagalolunye. Amajaji amathathu ahlola lesi sicelo kanti umsolwa nommeli wakhe bayalalelwa ngaphambi kokuba kuthathwe isinqumo. Futhi kunezindlela ezintathu ongakhetha kuzo: vumela, wenqabe noma uvumele ngokuhambisana nokumiswa. Ukugcinwa kokuvikela kungamiswa ngenxa yezimo zomuntu siqu zomsolwa. Izintshisekelo zomphakathi ekuqhubekeni kwesitokisi sokuzivikela zihlala zilinganiswa nezintshisekelo zomsolwa lapho ededelwa. Izizathu zokufaka isicelo sokumiswa zingabandakanya ukunakekelwa kwezingane, izimo zomsebenzi kanye / noma zokufunda, izibopho zezezimali nezinhlelo ezithile zokugadwa. Kungabekwa imibandela ekumisweni kwesitokisi sokuvimbela, njengokuvinjelwa emgwaqweni noma ekuthintaneni, ukunikezelwa kwepasipoti, ukubambisana nophenyo oluthile lwengqondo noma olunye uphenyo noma insizakalo yokuhlolwa, futhi mhlawumbe nokukhokhwa kwediphozithi. 

Ngemuva kwesikhathi esiphezulu sezinsuku eziyi-104 isiyonke, icala kumele lifike ekulalelweni. Lokhu kubizwa nangokuthi ukuzwa kwe-pro forma. Ekulalelweni kwe-pro forma, ijaji linganquma ukuthi umsolwa kufanele ahlale esitokisini sokuzivikela isikhathi eside, ngaso sonke isikhathi ubuningi bezinyanga ezi-3.

Ngabe usenemibuzo mayelana nelungelo lokugcina ingane ngemuva kokufunda le ndatshana? Ngemuva kwalokho sicela uxhumane Law & More. Abameli bethu banolwazi oluningi ngomthetho wobugebengu. Sikulungele ukuphendula yonke imibuzo yakho futhi sizokuthokozela ukumela amalungelo akho uma usolwa ngecala lobugebengu.

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