Ukuvikela Izimfihlo Zohwebo: Yini Okufanele Uyazi?

I-Trade Secrets Act (Wbb) isebenze eNetherlands kusukela ngo-2018. Lo Mthetho usebenzisa i-European Directive ekuvumelaniseni imithetho ekuvikelweni kolwazi olungadalulwanga nolwazi lwebhizinisi. Inhloso yokwethulwa kwe-European Directive ukuvimbela ukwahlukaniswa kwemithetho kuwo wonke amazwe angamalungu futhi ngaleyo ndlela kwakheke isiqiniseko sezomthetho kusomabhizinisi. Ngaphambi kwalesi sikhathi, akukho mithetho ethile eyayikhona eNetherlands ukuvikela ulwazi olungadalulwanga nolwazi lwebhizinisi futhi isixazululo kwakudingeka sifunwe emthethweni wezinkontileka, noma ikakhulukazi kwizigatshana eziyimfihlo nezingancintisani. Ngaphansi kwezimo ezithile, imfundiso yokuhlukumeza noma indlela yomthetho wobugebengu nayo yanikeza isisombululo. Ngokuqala ukusebenza koMthetho Wezimfihlo Zokuhweba, wena njengosomabhizinisi uzoba nelungelo elisemthethweni lokuqalisa izinyathelo zomthetho lapho izimfihlo zakho zokuhweba zitholakala ngokungemthetho, zivezwa noma zisetshenziswa. Kusho ukuthini ngempela izimfihlo zokuhweba nokuthi ungazithatha nini futhi kanjani izinyathelo zokwephula imfihlo yakho yezohwebo, ungafunda ngezansi.

Ukuvikela Izimfihlo Zohwebo: Yini Okufanele Uyazi? Isithombe

Yini imfihlo yokuhweba?

secret. Ngokubheka kwencazelo ku-Article 1 ye-Trade Secrets Act, imininingwane yebhizinisi akumele yaziwe noma ifinyeleleke kalula. Hhayi ngisho kochwepheshe abavame ukubhekana nemininingwane enjalo.

Inani lokuhweba. Ngaphezu kwalokho, iTrust Secrets Act ibeka ukuthi imininingwane yebhizinisi kumele ibe nenani lokuhweba ngoba liyimfihlo. Ngamanye amagama, ukuthola okungekho emthethweni, ukusebenzisa noma ukudalula kungalimaza ibhizinisi, izintshisekelo zezezimali noma amasu noma isikhundla sokuncintisana sikasomabhizinisi onalo lolo lwazi ngokusemthethweni.

Izinyathelo ezinengqondo. Ekugcineni, imininingwane yebhizinisi kufanele ibe ngaphansi kwezinyathelo ezifanele zokuyigcina iyimfihlo. Kulesi simo, ungacabanga, ngokwesibonelo, ukuphepha kwedijithali kwemininingwane yenkampani yakho ngamaphasiwedi, ukubethela noma isoftware yezokuphepha. Izinyathelo ezinengqondo zifaka phakathi imfihlo kanye nemishwana engancintisani ekuqashweni, izivumelwano zokubambisana kanye nezinqubo zomsebenzi. Ngalo mqondo, le ndlela yokuvikela imininingwane yebhizinisi izoqhubeka nokubaluleka. Law & MoreAbameli bangabachwepheshe bezomthetho wezinkontileka nowezinkampani futhi bayakujabulela ukukusiza ukuthi ubhale noma ubuyekeze izivumelwano nemishwana yakho yobumfihlo neyokungancintisani.

Incazelo yezimfihlo zokuhweba ezichazwe ngenhla ibanzi impela. Ngokuvamile, izimfihlo zokuhweba kuzoba ulwazi olungasetshenziswa ukwenza imali. Ngamagama aphathekayo, izinhlobo ezilandelayo zolwazi zingabhekwa kulo mongo: izinqubo zokukhiqiza, amafomula kanye nezindlela zokupheka, kepha ngisho nemiqondo, idatha yocwaningo namafayela amakhasimende.

Kukhona yini ukwephulwa komthetho?

Ngabe imininingwane yebhizinisi lakho ihlangabezana nezimfuneko ezintathu zencazelo yezomthetho ku-Article 1 yoMthetho Wezimfihlo Zokuhweba? Ngemuva kwalokho imininingwane yenkampani yakho ivikeleka ngokuzenzekelayo njengemfihlo yezohwebo. Akukho (ukuqhubeka) kwesicelo noma ukubhaliswa okudingekayo kulokhu. Kuleso simo, ukuthola, ukusebenzisa noma ukwenza umphakathi ngaphandle kwemvume, kanye nokukhiqizwa, ukunikezwa noma ukumakethwa kwezinto ezephula umthetho zabanye, akukho emthethweni, ngokusho kwe-Article 2 ye-Trade Secrets Act. Uma kukhulunywa ngokusetshenziswa okungekho emthethweni kwezimfihlo zokuhweba, lokhu kungafaka futhi, ngokwesibonelo, ukwephulwa kwesivumelwano sokudalula esihlobene nalesi noma esinye isibopho (senkontileka) sokunciphisa ukusetshenziswa kwemfihlo yezohwebo. Okungenzeka ukuthi, umthetho we-Trade Secrets Act uphinde unikeze ku-Article 3 ngaphandle kokutholwa, ukusetshenziswa noma ukudalulwa okungekho emthethweni kanye nokukhiqizwa, ukunikezwa noma ukumakethwa kwempahla ephula umthetho. Isibonelo, ukutholwa okungekho emthethweni kwemfihlo yezohwebo akuthathwa njengokutholwa ngendlela yokuthola okuzimele noma nge 'reverse engineering', okungukuthi, ukubuka, ukucwaninga, ukuqaqa kabusha noma ukuhlola umkhiqizo noma into enziwe yatholakala umphakathi noma okukhona kutholakale ngokusemthethweni.

Izinyathelo eziphikisana nokuphulwa okuyimfihlo kwezebhizinisi

Umthetho Wezimfihlo Zokuhweba unikeza osomabhizinisi izinketho zokwenza okuphambene nokwephulwa kwezimfihlo zabo zokuhweba. Okunye okungenzeka, okuchazwe ku-Article 5 yoMthetho oshiwo ngenhla, kuthinta isicelo sejaji lokuqala losizo lokuthatha izinyathelo zesikhashana nezokuvikela. Izinyathelo zesikhashana ziyakhathaza, isibonelo, ukwenqatshelwa a) ukusetshenziswa noma ukudalulwa kwemfihlo yezohwebo noma b) ukukhiqiza, ukunikela, ukubeka emakethe noma ukusebenzisa izimpahla eziphula umthetho, noma ukusebenzisa lezo zimpahla ngalezo zinhloso. ukungena, ukuthekelisa noma ukugcina. Izinyathelo zokuqapha zona zibandakanya ukuthathwa noma ukumenyezelwa kwempahla okusolwa ukuthi iphuliwe.

Okunye okungenziwa ngusomabhizinisi, ngokwe-Article 6 yoMthetho Wokuvikela Izimfihlo Zabahwebi, kulele esicelweni senkantolo ngamalungelo okukhipha ukuzamazama komhlaba kanye nezinyathelo zokulungisa. Lokhu kufaka phakathi, isibonelo, ukubuyiswa kwempahla engenayo evela emakethe, ukucekelwa phansi kwempahla equkethe noma yokusebenzisa izimfihlo zokuhweba nokubuyiselwa kwalezi zithwali zedatha kumnikazi wemfihlo yezohwebo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, usomabhizinisi angafuna isinxephezelo kumuntu owephule umthetho ngokwesisekelo se-Article 8 yoMthetho Wokuvikelwa Komhlabathi. Okufanayo kusebenza ekugwetshweni komuntu owephule umthetho ngezindleko zomthetho ezinengqondo nezilinganayo nezinye izindleko ezenziwe ngusomabhizinisi njengeqembu, kodwa bese usebenzisa i-Article 1019ie DCCP.

Ngakho-ke izimfihlo zokuhweba ziyimpahla ebalulekile yosomabhizinisi. Ngabe ufuna ukwazi ukuthi imininingwane ethile yenkampani ingeyimfihlo yakho yezohwebo? Ingabe uthathe izinyathelo ezanele zokuvikela? Noma usuvele ubhekene nokwephula izimfihlo zakho zokuhweba? Bese uxhumane Law & More. Kuzo Law & More Siyaqonda ukuthi ukwephulwa kwemfihlo yakho yezohwebo kungaba nemiphumela efinyelela kude kuwe nakwinkampani yakho, nokuthi isenzo esanele siyadingeka ngaphambi nangemva kwalokho. Kungakho abameli be Law & More sebenzisa indlela yomuntu siqu kodwa ecacile. Ngokubambisana nawe, bahlaziya isimo bese behlela izinyathelo ezilandelayo ezizothathwa. Uma kunesidingo, abameli bethu, abangongoti emkhakheni wezomthetho wezinkampani nezinqubo, nabo bayakujabulela ukukusiza kunoma iyiphi inqubo.

Ungahlukıselana
Law & More B.V.